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How to Configure your macOS Terminal with Zsh like a Pro

 How to Configure your macOS Terminal with Zsh like a Pro.

Sometimes, using the default terminal sucks. You want to go out of the ordinary, to add life to the boring terminal and improve your productivity.

In this walk-through, we will configure iTerm2 with ZSH and its dependencies. This is a no-brainer, and after this, you’ll ponder the reason for not discovering ZSH earlier. Well, since you’re here already, let’s kick-start this.

Z shell (Zsh) is a Unix shell built on top of bash (the default shell for macOS) with a large number of improvements.

Keynotes

  • Homebrew installation
  • iTerm2 installation
  • ZSH and Oh My ZSH installations
  • Setting up the dependencies to create a beautiful terminal

Step 1: Install Homebrew

Homebrew is a free and open-source software package management system that simplifies the installation of software on Apple’s macOS.

Before installing Homebrew, we need to install the CLI tools for Xcode. Open your terminal and run the command:

xcode-select —-install

If you get an error, run xcode-select -r to reset xcode-select.

Then, install Homebrew.

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

Step 2: Install iTerm2

iTerm2 is a replacement for terminal and the successor to iTerm. Most software engineers prefer iTerm2 over the default terminal that ships with macOS as a result of its cool features. You can integrate zsh into iTerm2 to increase productivity.

To install iTerm2, run the command:

brew cask install iterm2

Step 3: Install ZSH

Zsh is a shell designed for interactive use, although it is also a powerful scripting language.

By default, macOS ships with zsh located in /bin/zsh. Let’s install zsh using brew and make iTerm2 use it.

brew install zsh

Step 4: Install Oh My Zsh

“Oh My Zsh is an open source, community-driven framework for managing your zsh configuration. It will not make you a 10x developer…but you might feel like one” — Robby Russell

It runs on Zsh to provide cool features configurable within the ~/.zhrc config file. Install Oh My Zsh by running the command

sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

Check the installed version

zsh --version

You can upgrade it to get the latest features it offers.

upgrade_oh_my_zsh

Restart iTerm2 to dive into the new experience of using Zsh. Welcome to the “Oh My Zsh” world 😄.

That’s not all. Now, we will install the dependencies to get the best out of Zsh.

Step 5: Change the Default Theme

Oh My Zsh comes bundled with a lot of themes. The default theme is robbyrussell, but you can change it to any theme of your choice. In this scenario, I changed it to agnoster, an already pre-installed theme.

You need to set this theme in your ~/.zshrc config file. To open the config file (.zshrc), run the command: nano ~/.zshrc

Or open the file in a text editor with open ~/.zshrc

Set the zsh theme

ZSH_THEME="agnoster"

and update your changes source ~/.zshrc

Using a Custom Theme

To install another theme not pre-installed, clone the repository into custom/themesdirectory. In this scenario, we’ll install powerlevel9k,

$ git clone https://github.com/bhilburn/powerlevel9k.git ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/themes/powerlevel9k

Then, select this theme in your .zshrc file

ZSH_THEME="powerlevel9k/powerlevel9k"

Update your changes by running the command source ~/.zshrc

Navigate to iTerm2 > Preferences > Profiles > Colors if you wish to change the background color of the terminal.

The selected theme in this scenario requires powerline fonts. So, let’s install that.

Step 6: Install Fonts

I will be using Inconsolata. Get your preferred font out of these powerline fonts. Then, download and install it.

Or download the entire font.

git clone https://github.com/powerline/fonts.git
cd fonts
./install.sh

To change the font, navigate to iTerm2 > Preferences > Profiles > Text > Change Font.

Now, you can see Inconsolata listed as one of the fonts. Select your preferred font. For fonts that support ligatures like FiraCode, check the “Use ligatures” option to view your arrows and other operators in a stylish manner like ( → ).

Step 7: Install Color Scheme

Let’s change the color scheme to bring out the beauty of our terminal. Navigate to iTerm2-Color-Schemes and download the ZIP folder. Then, extract the downloaded folder cos what we need resides in the schemes folder.

Navigate to iTerm2 > Preferences > Profile > Colors > Color Presets > Import

  • Navigate to the schemes folder and select your preferred color schemes to import them.
  • Click on a specific color scheme to activate it. In this scenario, I activated Batman. You can choose to activate one of the preloaded color schemes such as Solarized Dark. It is also a good color scheme.

Tada! 🎉 We’re done with the basic settings.

Step 8: Install Plugins

Oh My ZSH comes preloaded with a git plugin. To add more, for instance, docker, auto-suggestion, syntax highlighting and more:

  • Clone the Git repository. Let's add docker plugin.
git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-docker.git ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-docker
  • Run the command open ~/.oh-my-zsh and navigate to .oh-my-zsh > custom > plugins directory to view the cloned directory.
  • Then, add the plugin to the plugin section of the ~/.zshrc config file
plugins=(
  git
  docker
  zsh-syntax-highlighting
  zsh-autosuggestions
)
  • Update your changes by running the command source ~/.zshrc

Step 9: Add Aliases

Aliases are shortcuts used to reduce the time spent on typing commands. To add aliases to commands you use frequently, navigate to the aliases section within the .zshrc file and add the aliases

alias gs="git status"
alias gp="git push"

For a complete guide on configuring and using aliases, read my article on Aliases.

If you know about other means of improving productivity using ZSH, you can reach out to me on Twitter. I will be glad to hear from you.

Article Tag  Workflow Tooling

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Author
Chiamaka Ikeanyi.

Chiamaka Ikeanyi

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